Preprint Logo P113 September

To be published in:
Astronomy and Astrophysics Reviews

Non-thermal emission processes in massive binaries+

M. De Becker1,*

1 Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique - Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août, Bât B5c, B-4000 Liège (Sart Tilman), Belgium

* Postdoctoral Researcher FNRS, Belgium

+ The original publication is available at


     In this paper, I present a general discussion of several astrophysical processes likely to play a role in the production of non-thermal emission in massive stars, with emphasis on massive binaries. Even though the discussion will start in the radio domain where the non-thermal emission was first detected, the census of physical processes involved in the non-thermal emission from massive stars shows that many spectral domains are concerned, from the radio to the very high energies. First, the theoretical aspects of the non-thermal emission from early-type stars will be addressed. The main topics that will be discussed are respectively the physics of individual stellar winds and their interaction in binary systems, the acceleration of relativistic electrons, the magnetic field of massive stars, and finally the non-thermal emission processes relevant to the case of massive stars. Second, this general qualitative discussion will be followed by a more quantitative one, devoted to the most probable scenario where non-thermal radio emitters are massive binaries. I will show how several stellar, wind and orbital parameters can be combined in order to make some semi-quantitative predictions on the high-energy counterpart to the non-thermal emission detected in the radio domain. These theoretical considerations will be followed by a census of results obtained so far, and related to this topic. These results concern the radio, the visible, the X-ray and the gamma-ray domains. Prospects for the very high energy gamma-ray emission from massive stars will also be addressed. Two particularly interesting examples -- one O-type and one Wolf-Rayet binary -- will be considered in details. Finally, strategies for future developments in this field will be discussed.

Key words
Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal -- Stars: early-type -- Stars: binaries: general -- Radio continuum: stars -- X-rays: stars -- Gamma rays: theory

Article: debecker-review.pdf (455521 bytes): HTTP FTP (

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